The star, who sang for the birthday girl at the exclusive and private affair, posted a series of snaps from the party on her Tumblr blog on Sunday – though there were none of the actual event.
Beyoncé can be seen walking towards the White House in one picture, with two-year-old Blue Ivy holding her mum's hand.
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Another photograph reveals that the toddler – who looked like a princess in a beautiful white dress with tulle skirt – made friends with the Obama's pet dog as the two were snapped facing each other.
Beyoncé, 32, gave fans a glimpse into the White House, as another picture shows mother and daughter walking through its interior hand in hand. A huge painting can be seen in the background, along with red decorative bows for the grand occasion.
Early shots show Beyoncé wearing a short black dress, tights and heeled boots, but the songstress later changed into her party dress, which was a mini gold sequinned number.
Dazzling drop earrings and nude heels completed the look for her big performance, which was her third presidential event.
Celebrities Samuel L. Jackson, Jennifer Hudson, Smokey Robinson, and Magic Johnson were all spotted arriving at the White House.
Other VIP guests included model Chrissy Teigen, R&B star Mary J. Blige, fashion designer Michael Kors, celebrity chef Rachael and Oprah Winfrey's best friend Gayle King.
John Legend also performed at the event, according to EOnline.com.