The palace posted the image of the King and Queen, alongside Princess Catharina-Amalia, 19, Princess Ariane, 16, and the family's pet dog, Mambo, before they headed to Rotterdam for the King's Day celebrations.
But Willem-Alexander and Maxima's middle daughter, Princess Alexia, was missing from the photoshoot.
The 17-year-old is currently at UWC Atlantic College in Wales where she will complete her two-year International Baccalaureate this spring.
UWC is set in the 12th century St Donat's Castle on the southern Welsh coast and campus facilities include a library, woodland, an indoor and outdoor swimming pool, and classrooms within historic buildings.
King Felipe and Queen Letizia of Spain's eldest daughter, Princess Leonor, 17, is also a student at the college and will finish her studies this year, before starting three years of military training this August.
King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima will be among the European royals at King Charles's coronation at Westminster Abbey on 6 May.
Princess Catharina-Amalia will also join her parents at a pre-coronation reception at Buckingham Palace.
The Dutch royals chose bright outfits for the family photoshoot, with Maxima looking gorgeous in a green midi dress with a matching headband.
Future queen Catharina-Amalia wowed in a fuchsia co-ord, while Ariane opted for an ivory trouser suit with cobalt blue accessories.
King Willem-Alexander, who ascended the throne in 2013 after his mother Queen Beatrix's abdication, married Argentine-born Maxima in 2002.
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