The singers are among the first big names confirmed to be taking to the stage at the glitzy awards show in Los Angeles next month.
They will be joined by The Black Keys, Fun and Mumford and Sons, who will be flying the flag for Britain.
The news was revealed on the official Grammys Twitter page. The message read: "Psst! Want to hear who the first round of performers are for the 55th #GRAMMYs?!
"First round of performers for 55th #GRAMMYs! *drum roll* @theblackkeys @OurNameIsFun @MumfordAndSons @rihanna @taylorswift13."
The Grammy nominations were revealed last month and several acts are leading the field with six nods each. They are Kanye West, Jay-Z, Frank Ocean, Fun, Dan Auerbach and Mumford And Sons.
The ceremony takes place on February 10 at the Staples Centre in LA.